Under Eye Dark Circles

dark-circle

Dark circles are a very common problem and affect all ages and both genders equally. Often accompanied by bags, dark circles can make you appear older than you are and greatly hamper your facial beauty. To make matters worse, they can be difficult to get rid of.

Though they can affect anyone, dark circles are most common in people who:

  • are elderly
  • have a genetic predisposition to this condition
  • are from non-white ethnic groups

Q. What causes dark circles?

Before we move onto treatments for dark circles, its important to understand what causes dark circles as this knowledge might help one to avoid the precipitating factors, automatically bringing about some improvement in dark circles. Although the major cause of dark circles is pigmentation which is caused because of the factors listed below, another very important cause for the appearance of dark circles is the sunken eye sockets which may be such that it creates a shadow effect in the tear trough area giving the appearance of dark circles when the skin is absolutely normal in color. Some common causes of dark circles include:

Fatigue

Oversleeping, extreme fatigue, or just staying up a few hours past your normal bedtime can cause dark circles to form under your eyes. Sleep deprivation can cause your skin to become dull and pale, allowing for dark tissues and blood vessels beneath your skin to show.

Lack of sleep can also cause fluid to build underneath your eyes, causing them to appear puffy. As a result, the dark circles you see may actually be shadows cast by your puffy eyelids.

Age

Natural aging is another common cause of those dark circles beneath your eyes. As you get older, your skin becomes thinner. You also lose the fat and collagen needed to maintain your skin’s elasticity. As this occurs, the dark blood vessels beneath your skin become more visible causing the area below your eyes to darken.

Eye strain

Staring at your television or computer screen can cause significant strain on your eyes. This strain can cause blood vessels around your eyes to enlarge. As a result, the skin surrounding your eyes can darken.

Allergies

Allergic reactions and eye dryness can trigger dark circles. When you have an allergic reaction, your body release histamines. Other than causing uncomfortable symptoms — including itchiness, redness, and puffy eyes — histamines also cause your blood vessels to dilate and become more visible beneath your skin.

Allergies can also increase your urge to rub and scratch the itchy skin around your eyes. These actions can worsen your symptoms, causing inflammation, swelling, and broken blood vessels. This can result in dark shadows beneath your eyes.

Dehydration

Dehydration is a common cause of dark circles under your eyes. When your body is not receiving the proper amount of water, the skin beneath your eyes begins to look dull and your eyes look sunken. This is due to their close proximity to the underlying bone.

Habit of Smoking and Drinking

Not exactly however an imbalance in lifestyle causing from dehydration, late night parties, Excess drinking also may leads to drying of the organs and eventually lead to dark circles.

Anaemia

Low iron levels in the skin prompt poor oxygen maintenance in the blood which brings about dark circles.

Stress

The immediate connection amongst stress and dark circles has still not been built up but rather numerous individuals report exacerbation of dark circles when they are under pressure.

Sun overexposure

Overexposure to the sun can cause your body to produce an excess of melanin, the pigment that provides your skin with color. Too much sun — particularly for your eyes — can cause pigmentation in the surrounding skin to darken.

Facial Bone Structure

An empty facial bone structure close to the eye causes a shadowing effect which makes the tear trough region seem dim. The void is for the most part either because of the characteristic nonappearance of fat in the area or because of sudden weight reduction bringing about fat diminishment. Sometimes the sunken eye socket is even hereditary.

Heredity

A few people simply tend to get dark circles. In such cases, skin lightening treatment taken on a regular basis over a period of time may help in holding the dark circles under control

Veins giving a blue tint

Occasionally, particularly for individuals who are fair skinned, if their veins are conspicuous, it may bring about giving a darker tinge to the tear trough zone particularly since the skin is generally not tight here.

Genetics

Family history also plays a part in developing dark circles under your eyes. It can be an inherited trait seen early in childhood, and may worsen as you age or slowly disappear. Predispositions to other medical conditions — such as thyroid disease — can also result in dark circles beneath your eyes.

Treatment

At-Home treatments

Treatment for dark eye circles depends on the underlying cause. However, there are some home remedies that can help manage this condition. Some of the more common methods include:

  • Apply a cold compress A cold compress can help reduce swelling and shrink dilated blood vessels. This can reduce the appearance of puffiness and help eliminate dark circles. Wrap a few ice cubes in a clean washcloth and apply to your eyes. You can also dampen a washcloth with cold water and apply it to the skin under your eyes for 20 minutes for the same effect. Repeat this process if the cloth becomes warm or if the ice melts.
  • Get extra sleep. Catching up on sleep can also help reduce the appearance of dark circles. Sleep deprivation can cause your skin to appear pale, making the dark circles more obvious. Allow yourself seven to eight hours of rest to prevent dark circles from appearing.
  • Elevate your head. While sleep deprivation can play a part in producing those dark bags under your eyes, sometimes it’s how you sleep. Elevate your head with a few pillows to prevent fluid from pooling under your eyes which can make them look puffy and swollen.
  • Soak with tea bags Applying cold tea bags to your eyes can improve their appearance. Tea contains caffeine and antioxidants that can help stimulate blood circulation, shrink your blood vessels, and reduce liquid retention beneath your skin. Soak two black or green tea bags in hot water for five minutes. Let them chill in the refrigerator for 15 to 20 minutes. Once they’re cold, apply the teabags to your closed eyes for 10 to 20 minutes. After removing, rinse your eyes with cool water.
  • Almond oil massage: Massaging over the tear trough area through applying the almond oil is very helpful. The thing one needs to do is to continue with a regular procedure and leave the oil overnight and then it is to be followed by washing it with cold water in the morning. You may not see the results immediately but they may be visible within a fortnight yet, the same procedure may be continued till the time all the dark circles disappear.
  • Cucumber compresses: Cucumber also does wonder while it comes to lightning of the dark circles as it is due to its skin lightening and considerably astringent properties that cucumber lightens the dark circles. Placing refrigerated cucumber slices that are refrigerated for about half an hour for about 10 minutes daily under the eyes can start to yield results as early as within 10 days.
  • Conceal with makeup. While makeup and cosmetics do not cure dark eye circles, they can help to camouflage them. Concealers can cover dark marks so they blend in with your normal skin color. However, as with any topical treatment or makeup product, use proper care. Some products can cause your symptoms to worsen and may trigger an allergic reaction. If you begin to experience irregular symptoms from any topical treatment, stop use immediately and schedule a visit with your doctor.

Q. Approach to dark circles at Skinhealers?

After thorough history taking and investigation, the causes of under eye pigmentation are found out and addressed individually.

The treatment protocol involves certain home care therapies and certain in-office procedures which help bring about 50-80% improvement in dark circles and make major differences in your looks.

Treatment options include:

1. Hyaluronic acid fillers- if the cause ofdark circles is sunken eye sockets, the best and the quickest way out is fillers. Fillers replace the lost fat and re-forms indented attachments. It decreases grinding between the bone and skin along these lines diminishing pigmentation. This way, fillers provide the much needed support to the under eye area; immediately bringing about great improvement in dark circles. The under eye filler usually needs a touch up at about 12 months

2. Under eye peel- lactic acid peel/ arginine peel/ TCA peel is chosen depending upon the extent of pigmentation and the skin type of the patient and helps lighten the under eye area

3. Platelet Rich Plasma- This therapy provides good amount of growth factors which helps rejuvenate the under eye area and helps in building collagen which reains moisture and hydrates this skin.

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